High-net-worth-individuals and Tax
A high-net-worth individual, or HNWI, is generally someone with at least a liquid $1 million, which is cash or assets that can easily be converted into cash. These individuals' assets must be easily liquidatable and cannot include real estate or fine art. HNWIs frequently turn to financial experts for help managing their finances. These people frequently qualify for additional benefits and opportunities due to their high net worth.
Some strategies financial advisors can help their clients implement are as follows:
1. Using all available retirement funds
Finding pretax investment opportunities is frequently the first tactic advisors can assist their clients with putting into practice. The 401(k) contribution cap for 2022 is $20,500, with an additional $6,500 catch-up contribution for people over 50, for a total of $27,000. High-net-worth people work for themselves quite a bit. The maximum combined contribution to a 401(k) in this situation is $61,000 plus the extra catch-up contribution of $6,500, for a combined total of $67,500. They can also make employer contributions and utilize this maximum, making a total combined contribution of $67,500.
2.Hidden Roth IRA
For 2022, the phase-out range is $129,000 to $144,000 for single individuals and $204,000 to $214,000 for married couples filing jointly. High-net-worth individuals are frequently high earners as well, and as a result, they phase out of the income limits to contribute to a Roth IRA. Making a nondeductible traditional IRA contribution and then converting the money to a Roth IRA is an option for clients who are above the income phase-out.
3.Harvesting Tax Losses
This is a well-liked year-end planning technique, and people in higher tax brackets should pay particular attention to it. Selling losing assets to offset capital gains in other assets is known as "tax loss harvesting." This offers a fantastic chance to rebalance a client's portfolio while simultaneously reducing their overall tax burden.
4. Making a Health Savings Account contribution
Contributing to an HSA offers an additional pretax savings opportunity if your client has a high-deductible health insurance plan. The maximum contribution for 2022 for both individuals and families is $3,650. Additionally, there is a $1,000 catch-up contribution for people 55 and older. This can go well with maxing out a 401(k).
5.Adding money to a 529 Plan
An excellent estate planning tool is a 529 plan. If used for eligible educational costs, contributions to 529 plans can grow tax-free. As a result, clients can create a long-term gifting strategy and keep the money out of their taxable estates. Withdrawals may be used to cover up to $10,000 of undergraduate costs and K–12 tuition.